Showing posts with label Imam Mahdi. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Imam Mahdi. Show all posts

Friday, December 6, 2019

‘Jihad’: The Views of Imam Al-Mahdi


Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) of Qadian, the man who claimed under Divine revelations that he is the long- awaited Messiah of the Latter Days and the Mujaddid and Imam Mahdi’ of the 14th century of Islam, lived his life at a very significant period in world history (1835-1908 AD; 1250-1326 AH). The times witnessed a great political transition in India and elsewhere, with the decline and fall of the mighty Mughal Empire (1526-1857) and the simultaneous rise and rise of the British colonial suzerainty over the whole subcontinent (1857-1947) as well as other regions/nations around the world. As it happened, the Christian-missionary activities among the Muslim peoples became yet another front in the larger battle of the European imperial powers in Asia and Africa for land, riches and souls. Hence, the world of religious debates also became a battle field, with Islam coming under relentless attack at the hands of an ascendant Christianity. Hence, along with the political flux, also came profound questions of spiritual doctrine and of practical significance for the Muslims of the day. 

The debate around the doctrine of Jihad in Islam is fairly representative of the kind of issues and concerns that characterized the Muslim-Christian encounter in the colonial era in India. Against the backdrop of the anti-Muslim rhetoric by the Christian missionaries in India, there were incidents of violence involving such preachers, and those who attacked them were apparently motivated by religious hate. There are searing ironies in the whole episode: the Christian missionaries, in their zeal for tarnishing the fair name and image of Islam, propagated a false doctrine of Jihad among the ignorant masses, whereby they claimed that it is obligatory for Muslims to kill disbelievers/enemies. Certain Muslim divines, without a deeper examination of all issues, also agreed with this false notion of Jihad that legitimated extreme intolerance and indiscriminate violence against all non-Muslims. The expressions of bigotry and senseless acts of violence against innocent victims is often directly linked to the myth-making around Jihad.

Several learned Muslim scholars during the period wrote treatises against the widespread distortions and grave misunderstandings that characterized the popular concept of ‘Jihad’. For instance, Maulvi Chiragh Ali of Hyderabad (1844-1895) wrote the classic ‘A Critical Exposition of the Popular Jihad’, setting forth the historic/persecuted circumstances of the early Muslim community forming the actual context of the Qur’anic verses concerning Jihad. He wrote: 

...A cruel or revengeful tyrant may not be justified in taking up arms in his own defence, or in seeking to redress his personal wrongs and private injuries; but the whole Muslim community at Makkah was outraged, persecuted and expelled- and the entire Muhammadan commonwealth at Madina was attacked, injured and wronged- their natural rights and privileges were disregarded- after such miseries the Muslims took up arms to protect themselves from the hostilities of their enemies and to repel force by force; and were justified by every law and justice’. (A Critical Exposition of the Popular Jihad, p. xxiv-xxv, Delhi: Idarah-i-Adabiyati Dilli, written in 1885; reprint 1984)

Likewise, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817-1898), the illustrious founder of the Aligarh Muslim University and a towering Muslim personality of the age, also wrote extensively to elucidate the true concept of Jihad in Islam. He emphatically asserted that ‘as long as the Muslims can affirm their faith in One God and preach it in peace, the religion does not permit them to rise against the rulers irrespective of their faith or race’. 

Further, he avers that ‘Islam admits no scope for mischief, treachery, mutiny or rebellion. In fact, whosoever guarantees peace and security, he be a believer or disbeliever, is entitled to Muslim gratitude and obedience’.

Monday, September 24, 2018

Beliefs and Practices in Shi‘a Islam


The Shi'a belief on 'Imamat'

The Shiites believe that after the death of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and this till the end of the world, Allah has nominated twelve Imams. According to them, those twelve Imams had been nominated by Allah through Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The first Imam according to them is Ali (ra), the second one, his son, Imam Hassan, the third one Imam Hussein and the rest of the nine Imams being found in their bloodline.

From the first Imam (i.e. Ali) till the eleventh Imam (Hassan Askari), all died a natural death like the rest of mankind. As for the twelfth Imam, the son of Hassan Askari, he mysteriously disappeared in this youth and went into hiding in a cave. Now till the end of the world, according to the Shiites, he alone has the exclusive right to reign upon the world. The belief in Imamat is obligatory (Farz) for a Shiite and the one who does not believe in it shall see himself being rewarded hell as resting place. In one of their books, Al-Kafila there is the mention that if the earth (i.e. the world) remain without an Imam, it shall sink. Still according to this book, the (Shiites) Imams are selected by Allah just like Allah chose the prophets.

The Origin of the Sect

Shia in itself is not a religion; it is a sect in Islam. After the martyrdom of Hazrat Umar (ra) and during the caliphate of Hazrat Uthman (ra), Islam propagated in several countries outside Arabia, such as Persia, etc. Many people accepted Islam at that time. Many entered the fold of Islam sincerely while many others entered therein hypocritically.

Saturday, February 3, 2018

On the 'Super Blue Blood Moon' 2018

'Super Blue Blood Moon', an extraordinary lunar event, dazzled millions of sky-watchers around the world on the night of Wednesday, 31 January 2018. Extracted below are the special remarks on this Heavenly Sign by Muhyi-ud-Din Al Khalifatullah Hadhrat Munir Ahmad Azim Saheb (atba) of Mauritius

A Rare Heavenly Sign

"The world has witnessed an extraordinary celestial sign Wednesday, 31 January 2018. This sign is a Super Blue Blood Moon. What exactly is this super blue blood moon? It is the conjunction of three lunar peculiarities. 

To give a simplified explanation of this phenomenon (or rather divine sign), it is when the natural satellite is at the same time relatively close to the Earth (which gives us a Super Moon), it is also the 2nd full Moon in a month (a Blue Moon) and there is at the same time an eclipse of the moon (a Blood Moon). So it's a super-moon combined with a blue moon and with an eclipse of the moon that was total in some parts of the world and that we call, a blood moon. 

All three phenomena were visible only in certain parts of the earth, in this case in America (after 152 years) and in the countries of Asia and Australia and so on. But for the countries of Europe, like France etc., this phenomenon, this celestial sign was not visible (but was visible in 1982). But here in Mauritius after 152 years, we witnessed this, but only with a partial eclipse of the moon that lasted only a few minutes. (Inset: Seagulls and the blue moon in Portobello, Edinburgh, taken by Matthew Corney, (c) BBC).

Heavenly Signs in the Later Days

This phenomenon/ sign became subject of conversations, with everyone speculating on its meaning. There are those who say that it is an indicator of the approach of the end of the world and that the Saviour will appear soon. But the truth is that we are living the days of the end of the world and the Saviour that everyone is waiting for is already among you. When you see such divine heavenly signs, these are signs in support of the coming of a Messenger of Allah. 

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Khalifatullah's Delhi Visit

The Legacy of Islam in India

Historically speaking, Islam spread in the Indian subcontinent through a gradual process lasting over centuries. While South India, Kerala in particular, witnessed the advent of Arab traders and early Muslim merchants from Yemen as part of the organic process of international trade in those early days of Islam in the seventh, eight, and ninth centuries; the North of India witnessed powerful military struggles for political dominion and the Muslim armies succeeding in establishing themselves as rulers in this vast land. Delhi, the capital city of India, has thus been a major centre of the Muslims over the millennia. Muslim dynasties, including the Grand Mughals, ruled over Delhi for over seven centuries before the British colonial era began in the subcontinent.

With the establishment of Muslim empires in India and the relative peace it brought into the region from the political turmoil in the extended neighbourhood of India, many Sufi saints and their disciples from different parts of the Islamic world began to travel to India and began settling down here, thereby triggering in its own way conditions for the spread of Islam through the nooks and corners of India. 

Among the major Muslim saints and sages of the medieval era, Godly men who settled in and around Delhi and other parts of North India, one can count several illustrious names: Hadhrat Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (ra), Hadhrat Mueenuddin Chishti Ajmeri (ra)(1132-1236); Hadhrat Faridudin Shakar Gunj(ra) (1212-1269); Hadhrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dehlvi (ra)(1233-1325);  Hadhrat Shiekh Ahmad Sarhindi (ra) Mujaddid Alf Sani (1563-1624), Hadhrat Shah Waliullah Muhaddis Dehlvi(ra)(1703-62), etc.

Tuesday, May 10, 2011

The Fall of Usama ibn Laden

Usama ibn Laden, the slain chief of the Al Qaeda militant group, sought to project himself as championing the “Muslim” cause, by attacking imperial domains, promoting suicide bombings and indiscriminate killings. He thus 'elevated' “Fasad” into the realm of “Jihad” and sought to subtly project himself as the “blood-thirsty” Mahdi many common Muslims seem to expect from the Prophetic traditions for our times. By waging ‘Jihad’ against the US and their imperial allies, he was clearly taking on the great Satan (Dajjal) mentioned in the prophecies! How long can this subterfuge work? How long will Allah allow the falsehood to roam free? Reflecting on the recent events,  the Khalifatullah Hadhrat Munir Ahmad Azim Sahib (atba) of Mauritius states: falsehood is bound to be washed away and truth rendered clear”.

Read the extracts from the Friday Sermon of May 06, 2011:

Saturday, April 9, 2011

A prophecy on the Renewal of Islam

“He it is Who has raised among the Unlettered people a Messenger from themselves who recites unto them His Signs, and purifies them, and teaches them the Book and wisdom, although they had been, before, in manifest misguidance;



 
And among others from among them who have not yet joined them. He is the Mighty, the Wise. 


That is Allah’s grace; He bestows it on whom He pleases; and Allah is the Master of immense grace”.     [Holy Qur’an, 62: 3-5]


These verses from the Surah Al Jum’ah point to the appearance of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa) among the unlettered Arabs and to the same spiritual phenomenon repeating through a great Deputy of the Holy Prophet in the latter Days. A well known Hadith of the Holy Prophet (sa) throws light on the issue. Says Abu Hurairah:

One Day we were sitting with the Holy Prophet when Surah Jum’ah was revealed. I asked the Holy Prophet,

Who are the people to whom the words And among others from among them who have not yet joined them”, refer.

Salman, the Persian was sitting among us.Upon my repeatedly asking the same question,  the Prophet put his hand on Salman and said, If Faith were to go up to the Pleiades, a man from these would surely find it” (Bukhari).   

Reflecting on the Hadith,  Khalifatullah Hadhrat Munir Ahmad Azim Sahib (atba) stated:  

All of us do agree with this Hadith, that it refers to Hazrat Massih Maoud (a.s). No doubt in it. This question was being asked twice or thrice from this Hadith because Allah made His Rassool understand that when Imaan would go high up the furthest star, Surrayya, someone of Persian descendants of Salman Farsi (r.a) would bring faith back on earth. In other Hadiths, it is mentioned more than one person from his descendants. So, we understand fully that Hazrat Massih Maoud (a.s) was that chosen one to bring back faith on earth. Then when faith would go back to Surrayya again, people of his Jamaat will bring back faith to others. This Khalifa cannot appear from outside the Jamaat Ahmadiyya, the Jamaat of Hazrat Massih Maoud (a.s)

Now, how can Imaan which has gone till the furthest star Surrayya be brought back on earth? How Hazrat Massih Maoud (a.s) brought back that Imaan? Through revelations – Divine Revelations. Allah spoke to him and guided him how to bring faith into the heart of people. He had to exile himself completely from this materialist world to seek help from Allah. Surely, Allah has guided him through revelations how to achieve this task. Imaan did not reach the earth like this. Hazrat Massih Maoud (a.s) had to suffer a lot, in this field of his bad health and persecutions.