Friday, January 11, 2019

'Qudrat-e-Saniah' and the Ahmadi Caliphs

Jamaat Ul Sahih Al Islam-Tamil Nadu (India) organized its second Jalsa Salana at Tenkasi on Sunday, 25 November 2018. The Tamil Nadu State Jalsa this year was special for all its participants, including for the delegation of brothers and sisters from Kerala, with the august presence of Hadhrat Muhyi-ud-Din Al Khalifatullah Munir Ahmad Azim Saheb (atba) of Mauritius and the respected and honoured members of the holy family among them. In his closing Speech at the Jalsa, Hadhrat Khalifatullah (atba) gave a profound discourse on the advent of Divine Elects in Islam. Apart from explaining the promise of Allah (swt) contained in the Holy Qur'an and also the prophecy of Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa) in this regard, the Speech is also noted for its exposition on the beliefs of the Promised Messiah Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as). Examining the speculative notions and opinions held by the latter caliphs in the Jamaat-e-Ahmadiyya on the advent of Divine Elects (Mujaddidin)in the era after the Promised Massih (as), Hadhrat Khalifatullah (atba) draws on textual and documentary analysis of Jamaat literature to tease out the  meaning and interpretation of the much misunderstood concept of 'Qudrat-e-Saniah' (Second Manifestation of Divine Power), and thereby helps to correct the mistaken beliefs prevailing among many Ahmadis today. 

Read the Extracts from the Closing Speech below: 

My dear disciples,
Assalamoualaikum Warahmatullah Wabarakaatuhu.

Alhamdulillah, you have all come here to benefit from the spiritual treasure to enrich your knowledge, and indeed all your sacrifices for the sake of Allah shall not go in vain.

For my closing speech today, I have chosen to speak about the coming of Mujaddids in Islam as per the promise of Allah and the prophecy of the Seal of all prophets, Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) as well as the beliefs of the Promised Messiah Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as).

Allah says in the Holy Quran: “This is a blessed Book (the Quran) which We have sent down, so follow it and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” (Al-Anam 6: 156).

Like you all know, the Holy Quran is the perfect book which has been revealed to the Holy Prophet of Islam, Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh). What many people do not realise, is that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was actually the perfect human representation of the Holy Quran on earth. His wife, Hazrat Aisha (ra) has beautifully expressed this similitude in the following words: “He was a personification of the Quran.” In other words, a walking Quran.

Thus in the verse which I have put before you, whenever Allah refers to the Holy Quran, He refers also to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) because both are one and the same. The pure revelations of Allah, His law-bearing commandments were all reflected in the person of the Holy Prophet of Islam, Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh). The Holy Spirit and God’s Words formed one with the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

And likewise, Allah has also promised that He shall be the guardian of the Quran for all times. Allah says: “Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur’an and indeed, We will be its guardian.” (Al-Hijr 15: 10).

Now, if the Holy Quran is for all times, until the Final Hour, then Allah also has an ulterior motive of sending His prophets and reformers on earth for the preservation of His Holy Words and Commandments. Like we all know, Hazrat Muhammad (sa) has died a natural death just like all the prophets before him, including Jesus – Hazrat Isa (as). And now, after the first era of Islam with the advent of Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh), what we Muslims should bear in mind, is that the promise of Allah for the preservation of His Deen (religion) shall never go in vain.

Indeed, Hazrat Muhammad (sa) is recorded in Sunan Abu Dawud to have said: “Indeed, at the beginning of every century God shall send to this Ummah a person who will renew its Deen (creed or religion).”

Moreover, Al-Haakim narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (ra) said: The Prophet (sa) said: “I saw (in a dream) many black sheep who were joined by many white sheep.” They said: How did you interpret it, O Messenger of Allah? He said: “The non-Arabs will join you in your religion and your lineage.” They said: “The non-Arabs, O Messenger of Allah?” He said: “If faith were at the Pleiades, some men from among the non-Arabs would get it.”

'Qudrat-e-Saniah': Mistakes of the latter Caliphs

Now, I would like to put before you some of the big mistakes which the Khulafa-tul-Massih, especially the third caliph Hazrat Mirza Nasir Ahmad and Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad (May Allah forgive them) have made in their interpretation of the Qudrat-e-Saniya (Second Manifestation of Divine Power) and the coming of Mujaddids in the future. They both were dedicated and pious caliphs of the Promised Messiah, but they were wrong in some of the fundamental beliefs of Islam, and their wrong concepts (ideas) have created such a crack which over time has expanded into a big hole and now many Ahmadi Muslims have lost the true meaning of the prophecy of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa) and the core beliefs of the Promised Messiah Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as). Their explanations have created much confusion as to the continuation of the coming of Mujaddids and Elects of Allah up till the last day of Judgement.

Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad said in his Friday Sermon of 27 August 1993:

Since the imamat [i.e. Ahmadiyya Khilafat] is in existence, there is no need for the coming of a Mujaddid. The supporting testimony of God has crushed this evil [fitna] for all time. The imamat shall not end till the Day of Judgment, so there is no need for a Mujaddid till the Day of Judgment.”

This is a very serious matter which he has said and for which Allah tried him in his own Khilafat by sending this humble self at the turn of a new Century, the 15th Century of Hijra and Islamic era. He furthermore mentioned the coming of Mujaddids as a “fitna” (disorder) which is totally in opposition to what Hazrat Muhammad (pbuh) and Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) believed in, because Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) has clearly - without the least doubt - refuted those confused interpretations by saying on the 01 May 1908, few days before his demise (death):

The advent of Khilafat has been ordained by the Almighty up till the Day of Judgement. This special honour and superiority has been bestowed on Islam that for its support and reformation, Reformers (Mujaddids) have been sent in every century, and will continue so into the future. Look! The Almighty has given the Holy Prophet (sa) a resemblance to Prophet Moses – this is proven from the usage of the word ‘Kama’. Prophet Jesus was the final Khalifa to the Shariat of Prophet Moses, as Jesus (as) himself states that he is the last stone. Similarly, Khulafa have been always sent for the service and support of the Holy Prophet’s Shariat, and this will continue till the Day of Judgment. (Malfoozat – Volume 5, (New Urdu Edition) Page 551).

And indeed, just like Hazrat Muhammad (sa) was the Khatam-an-Nabiyeen, i.e. the Seal of all prophets or we can also say the last of all law-bearing prophets, likewise the Promised Messiah (as) was the Khatam-ul-Khulafa (Seal of the Vicegerents). The Promised Messiah Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) said:

God has told me that though the people reject me, He would make me Khatamul-Khulafa’ [Seal of the Vicegerents]. [Recorded in the Tadhkirah and retrieved from Appendix Barahin-e-Ahmadiyyah, part 5, p. 104 footnote, Ruhani Khaza’in, Vol. 21, p. 267 in the footnote].

Therefore, what the Promised Messiah (as) meant is that the caliphs elected by Allah shall always come, those whom Allah shall raise with the Ruh’il-Quddus (the Holy Spirit) and they shall keep the Deen safe from the dangers of unfaith and advise the people to return to Allah, to the true religion, i.e. Islam.

This indeed was what he meant by the Qudrat-e-Saniya (Second Manifestation of Divine Power) in His Testament (Will), Al-Wassiyat. It means that after him as someone who has been raised by Allah with the Ruh’il Quddus (Holy Spirit), then after his death, his first successors shall be like those of the first four rightly-guided caliphs after the death of Hazrat Muhammad (sa), and like for the time which came to pass after Hazrat Muhammad (sa) and the rightly-guided caliphs, corruption shall again become more intense, to such a point that Allah, to save His Deen shall elevate another of His elect with the Ruh’il Quddus, to revive Islam. The first of those Islamic prophets, messiahs and mahdis was Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) himself. And in the era in which he came, he came as per the promise of Allah at the turn of a new century of the Hijra, the 14th Century of the Hijra and was a perfect reflection of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa). He was not the perfect prophet, but he was the reflection of the perfect prophet, i.e. Hazrat Muhammad (sa).

Likewise, after his death, caliphs were elected after him, who were on the right path until the fourth caliph when Allah tried him in the final years of his life and sent a Mujaddid and someone with the Ruh’il Quddus to revive the spirit of Islam. Indeed, I believe that Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad was a very intelligent man and caliph of the Promised Messiah (as), and as long as he was on the right path, Allah used to guide him through revelations and true dreams. But when he began to close his eyes on the truth and based himself on his own opinions of Islam, then Allah saw the need, that it was very important to send His Chosen Khalifa (i.e. a Khalifatullah) with the Ruh’il Quddus to negate (i.e. to render false) the false notions (ideas) and explanations of the late Hazrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad. It was very important for Allah to do so lest people continue to think that there shall be no Mujaddid and people with the Ruh’il Quddus to come in the future.

'Qudrat-e-Saniah': The True Perspective

Furthermore, it is for this reason that Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) clearly mentions in the same book “Al-Wassiyat” that:

Let the righteous persons of the Jamaat who have pure souls [not corrupted caliphs] accept Bai‘at in my name. God Almighty desires to draw all those who live in various habitations of the world, be it Europe or Asia, and who have virtuous nature, to the Unity of God and unite His servants under one Faith. This indeed is the purpose of God for which I have been sent to the world. You, too, therefore should pursue this end, but with kindness, moral probity and fervent prayers. And till that time when someone inspired by God with the Holy Spirit is raised by Him, all of you should work in harmony with one another. And you, too, should partake of the Holy Spirit by compassion and by purifying your souls. Because without the Holy Spirit true Taqwa cannot be attained.

Hazrat Maulvi Nuruddin, the first Khalifatul-Massih beautifully explained the Second Manifestation of Divine Power (Qudrat-e-Sania) in this way: “When the founding father of a community completes his worldly tenure, his mission will thereafter be carried out successfully with Divine support. As stated in the Holy Quran: “Today I have completed for you ; your faith and fully blessed you with my bounty.” (Al-Maida 5: 4). It dawned not only upon the time of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) but also continued onwards during the time of his Khulafa, Nawab’s, Reformers (Mujaddidin); and they were all the second manifestations’. The second manifestation is boundaryless [i.e. its meaning is vast]. When a community becomes (spiritually) feeble (i.e. weak), the Almighty in his infinite wisdom, keeps on descending the second manifestation to help recoup the deficiency that occurred over time [i.e. to fix this weakness and render the community of Islam strong].” (Badr, 23 May 1913).

Therefore, it is the divine support that this movement receives in various forms which is the Qudrat-e-Saniya. It means that until another Messenger of Allah comes, all the Muslim Ummah, especially followers of the Promised Messiah (Ahmadi Muslims) should cooperate and work with their elected caliphs. But when the new Messenger of Allah comes with the Ruh’il Quddus, then it is him whom his Jamaat and all Muslims should listen to and obey. Moreover, he has also given a precision that it is the people of his Jamaat who shall get this blessing of the Ruh’il Quddus:

Firstly, meaning that when they shall have Taqwa, and establish their connection with Allah and with His teachings in an exemplary manner, never rejecting Hazrat Muhammad (sa) and the Promised Messiah Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as), therefore, Allah shall choose from among the followers of the Promised Messiah (as) His Elects/ Mujaddids/ Revivers of Faith, etc. Verily, He accomplished His promise by elevating the Musleh Ma’ud Hazrat Mirza Bashiruddin Mahmud Ahmad (ra) and now in this new 15th Century of the Hijra, He has sent this humble self, the Khalifatullah and Messiah of the age as the new Mujaddid.

Secondly, all the people who shall recognise and accept the new Mujaddid and Messenger of Allah of his era and with all their hearts take the Ba’iat in his hands, those people shall be exceptionally blessed to live in such times when Allah is manifesting Himself.

So, my dear disciples and members of the Jamaat Ul Sahih Al Islam, you are all indeed very fortunate to live in the times of a Messenger of Allah, a Mujaddid of Islam and witnessing the advent of Allah’s own Khalifa who has come with the Ruh’il Quddus to guide you to Sahih al Islam, that is, the true Islam, by calling you to perfect you as a true Muslim.

The Bai’at in the hands of a Messenger of Allah is very important. Those who are not sure about my advent and truthfulness should not come forward to take the Bai’at because this is a very sacred pact and promise that you are making to both Allah and this humble self, the Khalifatullah of this era. For, if you come forward and take the Bai’at and afterwards renounce your faith and break that sacred promise, then your consequences before the eyes of Allah shall be very severe.

Only those who are genuinely and absolutely sure in my truthfulness should come forward and bear witness along with me, and stay true to your promise until your last breath on earth....

To read Qudrat-e-Saniah- Part I, click here