Saturday, August 13, 2011

Mujaddid of the Last Millennium

Ahmadis today believe that Mujaddidiyat or the advent of Divine Reformers appointed directly by Allah the Most High has come to an end with the departure of the Promised Massih (as). They think that there is no scope for any Mujaddid to come in the new century of Islam as Hadhrat Ahmad (as) has claimed to be the Mujaddid of the Last Millennium.

Out of the 91 Books that the Promised Massih (as) is reported to have written in his entire life, his claim of being the Mujaddid of the Last Millennium is mentioned only once, in a lecture delivered on November 02, 1904 at Sialkot. [Left: Title Page of the First Edition]. In Lecture Sialkot, the Promised Massih (as) postulated that the current millennium is the last and final one before the Day of Judgement. He then wrote:

Since it is the last millennium, it was inevitable that the Imam of the latter days should be born at the turn of this millennium. After him, there is no Imam and no Messiah except the one who comes in his image, for in this millennium the world comes to an end as all the Prophets have testified. This Imam, whom God has designated as the Promised Massih, is the Mujaddid of this century as well as that of the last millennium”     [p. 9, Qadian: Nazarat Nashro Ishaat (2007)] 

Based on this sole statement, Ahmadis today conclude that no Mujaddid will come in the entire Millennium. Those who take a second look at the statement will find:  there is no Imam and no Messiah except the one who comes in his image”.

It means that others can come so long as they are “in his image”. The door for spiritual elevation in subsequent ages is closed only in the case of those who reject the Elect of Allah of the day- the Promised Massih (as) in his era. In other words, Allah will raise the spiritual progeny of the Promised Massih (as) to all the spiritual blessings that are promised in the Holy Qur’an (4:70).  The Promised Massih thus did not come to cancel the great Prophetic tradition about the coming of Mujaddidin in every century. Those who come after him will only confirm his truthfulness, they do not replace him. So while he remains the Mujaddid of the Last Millennium, others will come after him. This is how the Promised Massih (as) himself understood his claim, for he never claimed that Mujaddidin will not come after him.

As we have noted above, the Lecture Sialkot was delivered on November 02, 1904. Within a year after he made this speech, the Promised Massih (as) directly addressed a question on the future of divine guidance after his time. Indeed, the reply of Hadhrat Ahmad (as) to the question clearly showed that he believed in the necessity of Mujaddidin in every century.

 “29 SEPTEMBER 1905, before noon. A man asked the question: ‘Will a Mujaddid come after you?’

He [the Promised Messiah] replied: What is wrong with a Mujaddid coming after me? The prophethood of Moses had come to an end, and that is why his chain of successors ended with Jesus. However, the dispensation of the Holy Prophet Muhammad will last till the Day of Judgment. Therefore, Mujaddidin will arise in it till Judgment Day. As long as the Day of Judgment withholds its destruction, it does not matter that someone else should come. We most certainly do not deny that good and righteous people will continue to come, and then all of a sudden the Day of Judgment will come.” (Malfoozat. volume 7, page 119)

If the title-Mujaddid of the Last Millennium- has given rise to the situation of no divinely raised Mujaddid after him, the Promised Massih (as) would have clarified it here. The response of the Promised Massih (as) to the question is that “Mujaddidin will arise in it till Judgment Day”. It leaves no room for doubt or confusion in the mind of any one with common sense as to what he was saying. Those  who attribute a contrary view to the Promised Massih (as) on the future of Mujaddidiyat are challenging common sense and the larger Divine Scheme for Islam that the Promised Massih (as) spoke on countless occasions:    
“For every age the conclusive proving of the case for Islam takes place in a different sense, and the Mujaddid of the time comes with the powers, faculties and qualities upon which depends the reformation of the prevalent evils. God will ever continue to do this, as long as He pleases, so that signs of righteousness and reform remain in the world. These matters are not without proof; on the contrary, repeated observations testify to them.” (Shahadat ul Quran: page 46)

“Another point is that the letter ra in the word alif-lam-ra shows that this word refers to the permanent institution of Mujaddids and the sent ones, which will continue till the Day of Judgment. . . . All these miraculous works and victories which took place at the hands of the Mujaddids among the followers of the Holy Prophet Muhammad after him, and will continue till the Day of Judgment, are really the achievements of the Holy Prophet.” (Ruhani Khaza’in no. 2, vol. 2, p.63.)

After one week, clothes get dirty and it becomes necessary to have them washed. But even after the passing of a full century, is there not a need for a Mujaddid? There is, most definitely there is. This is the reason why God established this institution that at the head of every century a Mujaddid comes for the reform of the people.” (Ruhani Khaza’in no. 2, vol. 3, p.225.)

When asked the question by a visitor, “Is it essential that a Mujaddid comes in every century?” the Promised Messiah is reported as replying:

Yes, it is essential that a Mujaddid must come at the head of every century.Some people, on hearing this, say by way of objection that if a Mujaddid comes in every century then tell us who were the Mujaddids of the last thirteen centuries. My answer is that, firstly, it is not my work to give the names of those Mujaddids. Put this question to the Holy Prophet Muhammad who said that a Mujaddid comes in every century.” (Ruhani Khaza’in no. 2, vol. 5, p.100.)

In the extract quoted above, the Promised Messiah (as) goes on to say:

“This Hadith [about Mujaddids] has been accepted by all the authorities. Shah Wali-ullah has also accepted that this Hadith is from the Holy Prophet. It is contained in the books of Hadith. No one ever threw it out, nor said that it should be excluded. . . . I assure you that this Hadith is not false, but true. It is commonly known that a Mujaddid comes in every century. . . . Just as a century destroys the human body, similarly there also comes about a spiritual death. A new generation is born after a century. . . . In order to re-vitalize the new generation the law of God (Sunnat Allah) is in force that a Mujaddid comes in every century.”

From these statements of the Promised Massih (as), it is clear that he has not cancelled any Prophetic tradition regarding the coming of divinely raised souls in the Community in future. In fact, he provides the glad tiding about the coming of others after him till the Day of Judgement. The larger question is:

Why do Ahmadis misrepresent the views of the Promised Massih (as) today?

It is impossible to consider that the Khalifa and his advisers and the scholars within are blissfully unaware of these writings and opinions of the Promised Massih (as).  The Holy Qur’an says:And confound not truth with falsehood, nor hide the truth, knowingly” (2:43). Yet, patent falsehood is being taught in the Jamaat of the Promised Massih (as) and the Khalifa himself cannot evade the responsibility for this predicament. How can a Khalifa who distorts the perspective of the Promised Massih (as) and who is not a recipient of divine revelations be elevated to the position of being his mirror image?

As the Promised Massih (as) noted above:
Just as a century destroys the human body, similarly there also comes about a spiritual death”.

A century after the death of the Promised Massih (as), the Jamaat has lost its spiritual moorings and the body has met with the inevitable spiritual death. To preserve Islam and to bring back the Ahmadis to the straight path, no wonder, Allah has sent the new Khalifatullah in the image of the Promised Massih (as) himself, Alhamdulillah!  

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